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Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked sovereign nation located in South Asia. With an area of 147,181 square kilometres (56,827 sq mi) and a population of approximately 27 million (and nearly 2 million absentee workers living abroad),[2] Nepal is the world's 93rd largest country by land mass[10] and the 41st most populous country. It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the People's Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India. Specifically, the Indian states of Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, and Sikkim border Nepal, while across the Himalayas lies the Tibetan Autonomous Region. Nepal is separated from Bangladesh by the narrow Indian Siliguri Corridor. Kathmandu is the nation's capital and largest metropolis.
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Did you know ?
  • Nepal’s local name for Mt. Everest is Sagarmatha, or “goddess of the sky.”
  • The flag ofNepalis the only national flag that is not quadrilateral in shape.
  • Eight of the world’s highest peaks can be found in Nepal.
  • Kathmandu was once known as Kantipur, which means the “City of Glory.”
  • Touching anything with your feet is considered offensive in Nepal.
  • In the 1700s, Gorkha king Prithvi Narayan conquered Kathmandu valley without any bloodshed, by attacking while the people were celebrating the Indra Jatra festival.
  • There is a famous street inKathmandunamedFreak Street, where hippies lived in the 1960s and 1970s.
  • The abominable snowman, also known as the yeti, is a legendary apelike creature that is believed to frequent the high valleys ofNepal.
  • Greetings inNepalare similar to the greetings inIndia– people put their palms together and then bow their forehead, saying “Namaste,” which directly translates to “I salute the God in you.”
  • Sherpas, an ethnic group from the eastern mountainous part of Nepal, are usually employed as porters for mountain expeditions because, on account of their genetics and upbringing, they do not suffer the effect of altitude as adversely as other people do.
Facts & Figures
Largest City
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26,494,504 (World Rank: )
147,181 km2 (95 Largest)
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